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    日本名車系列(184):HONDA Civic(1979-1983)  
AUTONET記者:蔡致堅(02/21/2012星期二)
正當1960年代TOYOTA的Publica和NISSAN Sunny在日本造成轟動,剛起步的HONDA二輪部門決心創造截然不同的產品,並將許多賽車經驗注入,小巧的Civic就在這種理念下誕生。

有了第一代成功的案例,加上全球石油危機在美國造成轟動,HONDA早在1977年便開始規劃後繼車型,延續經濟好開的原則,乘坐空間提升的第二代車型終於在工程師的努力下,於1979年問世。

第二代Civic在1979年9月推出,HONDA取名為Super Civic。在車型上有三門、五門掀背車、四門房車、旅行車等四種。第二代Civic在外型最明顯的改變就是尺寸的增加,為的就是彌補一代車款在內部空間上的不足,所以軸距共有2250mm與2320mm兩種,車身尺碼則為3870×1580×1350mm、3830×1580×1350mm。內裝鋪陳以簡潔又動感為速求,倒V型方向盤、單眼式儀表、空調、電動窗等都列為配備之列。

動力方面總計有1.3L和1.5L兩種直列四缸CVCC-II的SOHC單化油器引擎,分別可發揮72hp/5500rpm、80hp/5500rpm馬力及11.0kgm/3000rpm、12.3kgm/3500rpm扭力輸出。變速箱方面,Super Civic在手排設定方面也全數改為五速設定,相較於第一代的四速變速箱追加的超比檔能夠保有更佳的油耗表現;同時還提供一具三速自排變速箱給消費者選擇。

值得一提的是,當時HONDA將第二代Civic雙生四門房車Ballade授權給英國ROVER集團製造,當時ROVER是以Triumph Acclaim來包裝,也開始HONDA在英國製造的淵源。第二代Civic到1982年底準備改朝換代時已製造300萬輛。


 
 
HONDA 美日/本田Civic
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